24 V home made lead acid battery charger: basics & important things when constructing



Basics about how to make a 24 V lead acid battery charger.

The transformer and the (series or not) regulator (MOSFET or classical NPN or PNP transistor) must be properly mounted on a cooling heatsink that must be ventilated via a 12 V ventilator to keep the heatsink of the series regulator and the heatsink of the bridge rectifier cool & vented during charging.

Ventilating and cooling the transformer itself is also very (!) important and often forgotten.

Also often forgotten: that the ventilator must blow completely alongside the transformer and its coil & that the transformer must be vented “everywhere”, it must stand in free air, so also from the under-side of the plate on which the transformer is mounted.

Otherwise (when clamped) heat can get “stored” in the laminated iron core, that can give a “meltdown” on the longer term.

Of course: this is all old school technology.

So: a classical 230 V-50 Hz or 110 V-60 Hz transformer, classical bridge rectifier circuit (everywhere to be found on the www) and a classical series – regulator, published many times on my YT channel and to be found everywhere on the www.

All the videos hat I have published on You Tube can be found via my Channel Trailer: Link is

In thematic order you can find these video’s under the “comments” section.

Important: to find all the links to the (+/-750) video’s on my YT Channel, select, in the comments section, “NEWEST FIRST”

My books about electronics are available via the website from “Lulu”, search for author “Ko Tilman” there.

https://www.lulu.com/shop/search.ep?keyWords=ko+tilman&type=

There is an important video via which you can buy a document where I give links to many of my video’s, published between 2010 and 2018.

Link is: https://youtu.be/XXRsA24NUE0

My books are also available via Barnes and Noble and via Amazon.
Regarding all my video’s: I constantly keep them actual, so the original video’s with the most recent information are always on YouTube. That is the source, and search there. When my video’s are reproduced or re-edited on other websites/channels you can not (!) be sure about the original content (=really working electronics) and important adaptations to the circuits.

Be aware of that, I saw on the internet my circuits reproduced in a poor or even not proper way. I can not help that, sorry. Upload 28 May 2019.

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Flashlight Basics: Battery Charge Rate



In this episode of Flashlight Basics I’m demystifying battery charge rates and battery discharge rates, discussing amp hours vs watt hours, and providing some tips on extending the life of your battery.

If you aren’t already using rechargeable batteries, I highly recommend switching today. You’ll save money, the environment, and your flashlight/device.

Check out some rechargeable batteries and chargers here: https://darksucks.com/collections/battery-chargers

About the maker:

Before introducing Prometheus Lights to the world, founder Jason Hui designed watches, fly-fishing equipment, retail stores and machine tool accessories. He’s built animatronic sharks for a Hollywood special effects studio, worked on the Automotive X Prize and the world’s first high-performance electric motorcycle at Mission Motors. “The world is full of stuff,” says Hui. “As a consumer, I want to buy things that I know someone has cared about and that I know will last. As a designer, maker and strategist, I strive to create products that reflect how I see the world, my values and they way I want to fit into the big picture.”

Website: https://darksucks.com/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/prometheuslights/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/prometheuslights/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/darksucks

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Flashlight Basics: Should You Leave Batteries in a Charger?



Welcome to Flashlight Basics, a short series to provide information to new(er) flashlight owners and aspiring enthusiasts. In this episode I talk about leaving batteries in a charger overnight, and why you may want to reconsider that habit.

If you aren’t already using rechargeable batteries, I highly recommend switching today. You’ll save money, the environment, and your flashlight/device.

Check out some rechargeable batteries and chargers here: https://darksucks.com/collections/battery-chargers

About the maker:

Before introducing Prometheus Lights to the world, founder Jason Hui designed watches, fly-fishing equipment, retail stores and machine tool accessories. He’s built animatronic sharks for a Hollywood special effects studio, worked on the Automotive X Prize and the world’s first high-performance electric motorcycle at Mission Motors. “The world is full of stuff,” says Hui. “As a consumer, I want to buy things that I know someone has cared about and that I know will last. As a designer, maker and strategist, I strive to create products that reflect how I see the world, my values and they way I want to fit into the big picture.”

Website: https://darksucks.com/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/prometheuslights/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/prometheuslights/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/darksucks

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Amazon Basics AA Battery & EBL Charger Review (BEST BUDGET BATTERIES)



In this video I talk about the Amazon Basics AA Battery & EBL Charger and tell you guys my honest opinions on these budget batteries.

You can check out the AA Batteries here:
💡https://amzn.to/2GMVwJE

You can find the charger here:
🔌https://amzn.to/2PzRmYu

Do you guys use disposable batteries? What are your thoughts?

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**Disclaimer: This is not a sponsored video, all opinions expressed are my own. The links provided are Amazon affiliate links which means I earn a small commission if one were to purchase an item via the link.

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Battery Charging Basics



Lead acid battery basics, what happens when batteries charge.

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The Basics of Internet Load Balancing

For the great majority of people the world over, the internet reigns supreme in our lives. We are becoming increasingly dependent on the internet and staying connected for the large part of day has become the norm. With the number of online businesses increasing daily and more people opting to work from home, the need for a reliable internet connection is at an all time high.

Staying connected and avoiding downtime has become critical because downtime causes huge financial losses to businesses and individuals. In this article we introduce the concept, importance and benefits of load balancing for the internet.

Let us begin with a clear understanding of what internet load balancing really means. Computer networks route bills of data packets literally every second. For this data to be routed efficiently, networks need to operate at optimum efficiency. Enter load balancing as the ideal solution to helping networks operate more efficiently. Through the even distribution of the processing and traffic across the network, the technology ensures that one single medium is not over taxed.

Internet web servers use load distribution technology to help in the even distribution of traffic across numerous servers. What this achieves is a more efficient use of the available bandwidth. There is increased efficiency resulting in faster access to the many websites hosted by the web servers.

Internet load balancing is done in one of two ways: inbound and outbound. Let us examine each type individually to better understand how they function. Inbound balance supports multiple servers but to all external appearances shows up as only one system. Load balancing for inbound traffic uses dynamic DNS through one of two ways. It can either be incorporated into the system or provided through an external service. The benefit to having it built into the system is cost savings and better control.

Balancing for inbound traffic processes traffic from remote users. Through the use of multiple servers it helps to increase bandwidth, providing better connectivity and low downtime. This method helps enhance the efficiency of the information retrieval process.

Outbound balancing technology specifically helps to process distribution of traffic in an even and efficient manner over the network. This helps to meet the objectives of connectivity and high speed performance for global users.

Load distribution for outbound traffic offers several benefits including practically uninterrupted connectivity, enhanced bandwidth efficiency and the ability to make use of diverse internet technologies. Additionally, it is possible to implement flexible load balancing options.

To summarize, the even distribution of processing and communication activities across the network to minimize one server being overloaded is the primary aim of internet load balancing. This alternative approach helps to improve the performance of busy websites by the quite simple process of increasing the web servers in use. When traffic is even distributed across a cluster of back end servers, the efficiency of the site is improved tremendously.

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Battery Charging: Yuasa Battery Basics



10% Discount. Use voucher code: SAVE70 – Valid until 31st Aug – The MicksGarage.com Experts discuss battery charging.

Shop batteries here: https://www.micksgarage.com/d/batteries

Visit our online store: https://www.micksgarage.com
Car parts: https://www.micksgarage.com/c/car-parts
Car accessories: https://www.micksgarage.com/c/accesso…
Follow us:
https://www.facebook.com/micksgarage

Blog, reviews and experts information:
https://www.micksgarage.com/blog

MicksGarage.com is one of Europe’s largest online retailers of car parts and accessories. We pride ourselves in being car part experts, with our team collectively having over 250 years of experience in the automotive sector. We cater for all types of motoring consumers, from DIY enthusiasts to families going on a road trip. We currently have over 10 million car parts and accessories listed on our site, from braking parts to car care, travel & leisure gear, service parts and much more. We stock the top brands across all our ranges including Bosch, Total, Wix, Febi Bilstein, Castrol, Draper, Philips, Mann & Exide to name just a few.
Visit our online store:
https://www.micksgarage.com
Car parts:
https://www.micksgarage.com/c/car-parts
Car accessories:
https://www.micksgarage.com/c/accessories-car-care
Follow us:
https://www.facebook.com/micksgarage

Blog, reviews and experts information:
https://www.micksgarage.com/blog

MicksGarage.com is one of Europe’s largest online retailers of car parts and accessories. We pride ourselves in being car part experts, with our team collectively having over 250 years of experience in the automotive sector. We cater for all types of motoring consumers, from DIY enthusiasts to families going on a road trip. We currently have over 10 million car parts and accessories listed on our site, from braking parts to car care, travel & leisure gear, service parts and much more. We stock the top brands across all our ranges including Bosch, Total, Wix, Febi Bilstein, Castrol, Draper, Philips, Mann & Exide to name just a few.

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Essential Basics of Hybrid Engines

How well is known is a hybrid engine? What are the functions principles of a hybrid engine? The hybrid engine is commonly described as an engine with two alternative sources of energy: then, on the one hand there is the gas part and on the other, there is an electrical battery that supports the gas system. Through this combination, the result is less pollution due to the electric component and the high power output of the gas engine. The thing that remains undeniable about the variety of hybrid engine types is that there are as many of them as there are hybrid cars. Each and every hybrid engine is designed as to allow the gas engine and the electric motor to connect to the drive train so as to power the vehicle and set it in motion.

How does the hybrid engine work? The principle on which any hybrid engine depends is quite simple. The hybrid engine works as follows: the gas engine and the brakes are used with the aim to recharge the battery of the electric motor; so there is no more need to plug in overnight, as it would be the case with an electric only motor. When the brakes are pressed, some of the energy otherwise used to stop the car, is transferred by the recreational brakes in the electric motor.

In the case of a typical full hybrid engine, the electric component will take control while the vehicle is cruising, when it comes to a halt or when you accelerate it slowly. When extra energy or power is necessary, it is the gas engine's turn to interfere to give the expected acceleration. In the case of the hybrid engine, we will achieve higher mpg than in the gas-only vehicles by allowing the electric motor to take over.

The fact that most of the energy is renewed, and to a certain extended saved when the vehicle is stopped or slowed down, proves the superiority of hybrid vehicles in regular city use. Unlike what happens due to hybrid engine vehicles, for the gas-only engine cars, driving is more fuel efficient when going at higher speeds, on the highway. The hybrid engine vehicles not only leave out the need to plug in, but they also increased the range of technical possibilities. One gets to care for the environment while still enjoying all the horsepower of a great car. We could really say that the invention of the hybrid engine represents the first step towards going altogether green.

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Battery Basics For Vapers Ep004 – What are “rewrapped” Li-Ion batteries?



Battery Basics For Vapers Ep4 – What are “rewrapped” Li-Ion batteries ?

You might have heard of the terms “rewrapped battery” or “rewrap”. What are these li-ion batteries and what do we have to look out for when using them?

A huge thank you to my Naquadah Level patrons!
– Adore eLiquid
– Old Pueblo Vapor
– Oliver_ECF
– Rebel Goat Vapors
– Wise Vice Vapors

I want to work for our community full time!
If you feel what I do is worth a couple dollars a month and you would like early access to battery availability and testing news and a say in what I test then please consider becoming a patron and supporting my testing efforts: https://www.patreon.com/batterymooch.

If you would like to support my testing efforts with a single donation: https://www.paypal.me/batterymooch

Finding Me:
– Mooch ECF blog: https://www.e-cigarette-forum.com/blogs/mooch.256958/
– Mooch Facebook page: https://m.facebook.com/batterymooch/
– Mooch315 electronic_cigarette subreddit posts: https://www.reddit.com/user/Mooch315/
– batterymooch on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/batterymooch

The pinned post at the top of my Facebook page or my blog at ECF has everything. Please check there first.

Battery Vendors:
These vendors have been used by many vapers.

Shop


www.18650batterystore.com
www.akkuteile.de
www.batterybro.com
www.ecoluxshopdirect.co.uk
www.fogstar.co.uk
www.illumn.com
www.imrbatteries.com
www.liionwholesale.com
www.nkon.nl
www.orbtronic.com
www.rtdvapor.com

A great calculator for vapers:
http://www.steam-engine.org/batt.html

Disclaimer:
Misusing or mishandling lithium-ion batteries can pose a SERIOUS RISK of personal injury or property damage. They are not meant to be used outside of a protected battery pack. Never exceed the battery’s continuous current rating and keep the plastic wrap and top insulating ring in perfect condition.

Where known, the ratings set by Samsung, Sony, LG, or Panasonic/Sanyo will be used.

Any battery from Samsung, Sony, LG, Panasonic, or Sanyo can be a lower grade battery or a fake. Only buy from a known, trusted source of genuine batteries. Even then, there are no guarantees.

Carefully research any battery you are considering using before purchasing.

Testing batteries at their limits is dangerous and should never, ever, be attempted by anyone who has not thoroughly studied the dangers involved, understands the risks, has the proper equipment, and takes all appropriate safety precautions.

These tests I do only note the estimated ratings for the batteries at the time I tested them. Any battery that is not a genuine Samsung, Sony, LG, Panasonic, or Sanyo can change at any time This is one of the hazards of using “rewrapped” batteries or batteries from other manufacturers so carefully research any battery you are considering using before purchasing.

The information and opinions contained in this video are for general information purposes and are not intended to constitute legal or other professional advice. This video should not be relied on or treated as a substitute for specific advice relevant to particular circumstances.

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Golf Cart Battery Basics

Golf cart batteries are the life-force behind your electric golf cart.

Golf carts run off of what are called deep-cycle batteries. Although they look similar to normal car batteries, deep-cycle batteries serve a completely different purpose. While both are lead-acid based, deep-cycle batteries provide a steady current over a long period of time, whereas car batteries provide a very large current over a short period of time. This is because golf carts, like other electric vehicles, derive all their power from their batteries.

One battery is not enough to run a golf cart. Instead, they use battery packs that consist of multiple batteries. Individual golf cart batteries usually come in 6-volts or 8-volts. The combined total of the voltage from each battery makes up the total golf cart voltage. For instance, a 36-volt golf cart probably has six 6-volt batteries. And a 48-volt golf cart probably has either eight 6-volt batteries or six 8-volt batteries. And as you can probably guess, the higher the voltage the longer the run time and the greater the power.

If your batteries aren’t charged, however, it doesn’t matter how many volts your battery pack has, it’s still not going to run. The type of golf cart charger you would need depends on the total number of volts your battery pack has. A 36V golf cart requires a 36 volt charger, and a 48V golf cart requires a 48 volt charger. If you have a 36V golf cart and later decide to upgrade to a 48V golf cart by adding two additional 6V batteries, you can either purchase an additional 12V charger for two new batteries, or you can replace your 36V charger with a 48V charger, just so long as the voltage from the charger corresponds with the voltage of the batteries.

To keep your golf cart running strong you’re going to want to charge your batteries after every use. Most new chargers are fully automated, which means they regulate the current so that you do not over-charge your batteries. If you have an older golf cart charger that is not fully automated you would want to set a timer to shut off the charger after your cart is fully charged. A good rule of thumb is to charge it for at least twice as long as you drove it.

Another thing to be aware of is how well your batteries are performing. To keep them in tip-top shape requires proper care. You should be aware of such information as proper water levels and cleaning techniques. The most proactive thing you can do is to take proper safety measures and set up a weekly or monthly schedule to make sure everything is well maintained. One weak battery will bring down all of the otherwise strong batteries to the weakest battery’s level, so it makes sense to keep them all properly maintained.

If you want to customize your cart with electrical golf cart accessories, they too will be powered from your golf cart batteries. There are several ways to hook them up, and the best way depends on your particular situation. Most electrical golf cart accessories are 12V accessories, which means they run off of twelve volts. The quick and easy way to power your accessories is to hook them up directly to two of your 6V batteries. But this can cause an imbalance in your battery pack, especially if you have too many accessories requiring too much wattage. At this point it would be better to add a separate auxiliary battery strictly to run your accessories, or a converter to evenly distribute the power from all of your batteries to your accessories.

When it’s time to replace your batteries you will need to think about proper golf cart battery disposal. To recycle your old batteries you should take them to a retailer who recycles old batteries for resale. Most retailers that sell lead-acid batteries also take used batteries because it is required by most state laws. Recycling your used golf cart batteries is good for the environment and good for the health of you and those around you.

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