Installation of our pole barn electric service. Battle of cold weather, trench of water and lack of necessary materials made this an adventure as we struggle to finish the barn for our equipment. Our bare need is some 120 volt convenience outlet for battery chargers.
Captain Electric Installs the evDuty Electric Vehicle Charging Station for a Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid.
Like the Chevy Volt, this vehicle travels using electricity up to 60 km range (I think), but it also has a gasoline engine to take over when needed – also strategically using the electric portion for acceleration from a full stop – giving the best of both worlds.
It is the first electric minivan model available in north America ( This is the second customer of ours to purchase one )
For more information about our Electric Vehicle Charging Station Installation please visit out website: https://www.captainelectric.ca/services/electric-vehicle-charging
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Durham Region: 905-683-4195
Toronto East: 416-281-2700
my electric cycle
– no pollution, no maintenance
– Battery chargers 2 hour
– Cycle top speed 20
– DC motor
– 12 volt 2 battery
-battery level indicator
– Controller box,
my WhatsApp number
– 9594 794 759
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This week i discuss should all charges have contactless card payments
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I do and i don’t i think its finding the right balance first i think ALL rapids should have contactless the point of a rapid is FAST AND QUICK opening an app slows you down. However at the same point while most public places are without destination chargers i think the APP data they collect on our usage helps charger firms talk land owners into installing chargers. If they can prove electric car owners stay for longer or are more attracted to drive to areas with chargers then a business owner will be fair more tempted to install an electric car charger.
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Channel all about Electric cars and battery powered devices, I seek to educate my self and you the audience every week with info i know from working within the car trade and information I learn being part of the Renault Zoe Owners Club
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The history of automobile emphasizes on luxury, comfort, and aesthetics over performance, power, speed and safety. This is true for its original necessity – transportation and conveyance. However, if we consider buying a car with more horsepower that is safe for everyday use and gives more mileage – gasoline-powered cars are the best choice – both for highways and racetracks.
The theory is not merely a wild speculation or desktop projection, it’s a real world simulation. The UC Davis has recently launched the “EV Project” that allowed the car-users to simulate their commute in an EV (Electric Vehicle) compared to a gas-powered vehicle. The project found that, a 50-mile round-trip commute could save an electric 2014 Chevrolet Volt owner about $1,000 of annual fuel costs compared to driving a gasoline-based 2014 Ford Focus. However, pure electric cars are more expensive than their gas-based counterparts. For instance, a 2018 Ford Focus costs less than $18,000, while the 2018 Chevrolet Volt will set consumers back more than $34,000 and the all-electric Chevrolet Bolt will take more than $38,000. Solving the equation in this hypothetical scenario, it would take the Chevy owner more than 17 years to recoup the extra costs of buying an Electric. In other words, EVs are not suitable for the users who plan to hold on to the vehicle for a long period of time. EVs also cost more upfront than gas-based cars. They need supporting charging infrastructure, plug-in accessibility and specialized maintenance workshops, which are not adequate yet to meet the rising consumer demand.
The added concern is spiced up when it comes to mileage and range. With a single charge, most of the elite EVs like Tesla Model X, Model S, Model 3, Chevrolet Bolt, and 2018 Nissan Leaf can run only 225 miles on an average in an ideal scenario. This number can get as low as 170 on cold or hot days with heater or AC running full blast. Hybrids and gas-based cars are better options in this case. To get full potential of the Hybrids, some auto buyers opt for the Plug-in Hybrids (PHEV). A 2018 Chevrolet Volt, for instance, has 53 miles of electric range, and a conventional gas tank for longer trips up to 420 miles.
It is true that EVs are environment friendly but they are not necessarily clean as the electricity is generated somehow. It is comparable to using the same fossil fuel – only cleaner. The EVs run on lithium-ion battery, which needs to be mined from the ground. Chemically, lithium is a corrosive alkali metal which disposes hazardous gaseous derivatives when it comes in contact with moisture, resulting in increased environment pollution. In application, this may cause the EVs to emit hazardous gases or even catch fire if they are stored in a cold weather or are not properly maintained. The current electric infrastructure of such technology does not provide provision for reusing the batteries or recalibrating the disposal costs. Fuel-based cars can be easily rebuilt, their engines swapped and fuels filtered; but not so currently with an Electric.
The technology of the “Future Transportations” is still young and expensive than their gas-based cousins. The EVs may be easier to charge, but they cost more in the medium-long run. Even the most advanced EV batteries wear out eventually and need frequent replacement. For such replacement, Tesla Model 3 battery pack costs $190 per kWh and Chevy Bolt battery pack $205 per kWh. The charging stations are another link to the EV sustenance. In a euphoric state, consumers can skip the gas stations and ‘fill-up’ their EV either from a charging station on their way to work or through an added solar array sitting in their home. In reality, while gas stations can be found every 1 mile on a regular highway, EV battery charging stations may not be found that often. People living in apartments or condos may find it difficult to get the charging plug-ins. At a high cost, the plug-ins are now available only in the most advanced countries, such as the US and Western Europe. Not to mention, this becomes a deal breaker for many new buyers and gives headache to auto owners in the developing countries.
The perennial debate gains much traction over automobile safety issue. In theory, EVs are less combustible than gas cars. However, once caught on flame, EVs are hard to put out. In October 2017, a Tesla Model S caught fire after it crashed into a concrete barrier on Ahlberg Expressway in Austria. The incident took 35 firefighters to extinguish the blaze. Recently, on March 23, 2018, a Tesla Model X rammed headfirst into an unshielded median on Highway 101 in California and caught on fire. The blaze shut the highway for 5 hours which became a nightmare for the firefighters to put out. The EV motors are not responsible for such disastrous accidents. The potent villains are the lithium-ion batteries that can fuel hotter fires and release intense heat and are harder to extinguish. The battery fires further generate a range of toxic fumes, smoke and gas that pose greater danger for daily commute and the environment. At present, only a handful personnel from the EV makers have the expertise in tackling such electrical emissions and hazards. The state firefighters and general commuters are not always aware of this ‘technological knowhow’ as the EVs do not come with a detailed manual of ‘101 of Putting Out your EV Fire’!
The recent crashes are bringing back the debate on whether EVs are safer than diesel and gasoline-powered vehicles when it comes to safety. In black and white, the Tesla Model X may have a perfect score for crash test safety rating. But hands-on experiences and records always prove stronger than rainbow promises and white-washed lab results. With technological breakthrough EVs may be the harbinger of transportation revolution in the coming decades. Battery packs replacement cost may drop to as little as $73 per kWh after 2030 and the current range anxiety may become a thing of past. The Hybrids and EVs may offer greater options and more convenience to the demanding consumer end and new commercial setup. But at this stage, if we consider road safety for tension-free travel, it is easier to bet on the ‘combustion’ engines over the battery run motors.
A Brief History and What’s Next?
At the end of the 19th century, any vehicle not pulled by a horse or mule was considered an alternative power vehicle, powered by steam, electricity or gasoline. But oil was discovered in Texas in 1901 and by 1920, gasoline fueled internal-combustion engine vehicles dominated the marketplace. Electricity and steam powered vehicles became distant also-rans. Oil was cheap, effective, readily available and easily transportable. It was also dirty, noisy and smelly but these characteristics were minor in comparison with its cost and availability.
Electric cars were introduced in the first half of the 19th century. At the end of the 20th century, electric vehicles held most world speed and distance records. They were cleaner, quieter, easier to operate and easier to maintain than steam or gasoline fueled cars but had a fatal weakness: battery technology limited the driving range of electric cars to between 40 and 50 miles before needing a 6 to 8 hour charge. Electric vehicles continued to be manufactured in the U.S. through 1939.
The ZEV Mandate
No electric cars were produced in the U.S. between 1939 and 1996. That changed when General Motors produced the EV1 in response to California’s 1991 zero emission vehicle mandate which required 2% of all new cars sold by major auto manufacturers in California in 1998 to meet ‘zero emission’ standards. The first EV1 autos used lead-acid batteries. Second generation GM EV1 cars had a range of 160 miles using nickel metal hydride batteries. A total of 4-5,000 electric vehicles were sold in the U.S. under the ZEV mandate.
In 2001 GM and Daimler Chrysler sued California for regulating fuel economy in violation of U.S. law, after which California relaxed the zero emission vehicle mandate. In late 2003, GM cancelled the EV1 program and other manufacturers soon followed suit. The film “Who Killed the Electric Car?” suggested that GM’s EV1 program was canceled once California relaxed its zero emission vehicle mandate because 1) production was no longer essential; 2) electric cars impacted the oil industry; and 3) sale of electric cars adversely affected GM’s replacement parts after-market. Virtually all EV1 cars, leased to the public, were recalled and destroyed by GM who estimated that they invested $1 billion in development of the EV-1. General Motors recently announced that the electric Chevy Volt (hybrid electric vehicle) will be available for sale in the U.S. in 2010.
Enter the 21st Century
According to the US Department of Energy, more than 60,000 electric cars are in use in the US with more than 15,000 operational in California. More than 800 vehicles (mainly Toyota RAV4 EVs), produced during California’s zero emission mandate have survived with several logging more than 110,000 miles, proving durability and maintainability.
Although there is no zero emission mandates in place, the marketplace has spoken. The combination of high gasoline prices, global warming and the absurdity of U.S. dependence on Middle Eastern sources of oil has inspired development and manufacture of electric vehicles.
o Five low-speed (neighborhood) model electric vehicles and six expressway capable electric vehicles are currently in production.
o In addition to Chrysler, Ford, GM, Toyota, Nissan, VW and Renault, a dozen or more new auto firms have introduced or plan to introduce electric cars by 2010.
o The industry is rapidly moving towards new battery technology. Tesla Motors and Miles Electric Vehicles amongst others are now using Lithium-ion battery technology.
Europe and Japan
Since the first oil embargo in 1973 Europe has shown a continuous interest in electric vehicles. Today, electric cars are being built across Europe from Norway to Italy. Not to be left out, Mitsubishi and Subaru announced that they would be manufacturing lithium ion-powered cars before 2010. Toyota and Honda and Nissan will also have production models available in the U.S.
Neighborhood Electric Vehicles
43 states and Washington D.C. allow operation of Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) that can travel on streets which have a maximum 35 mph speed limit. Local jurisdictions have the right to ban their use or may require licensing and liability insurance. NEVs must have seatbelts, four wheels, windshield safety glass, windshield wipers, headlights, taillights, and turn signals but airbags aren’t required. NEVs cannot legally travel faster than 25 mph. They’re usually equipped with lead acid batteries offering a range of about 30 miles. Prices range from around $6000 to more than $14,000.
Freeway Electric Vehicles
Aside from Toyota RAV4 EVs, most electric vehicles operating in the U.S. in 2008 are NEVs. Freeway capable vehicles are expected to be readily available by 2010. In addition to Tesla, Chevy (Volt), Mitsubishi, Nissan, Honda (hydrogen fuel cell technology) and Toyota, we can look for electric vehicles from Think (Norway), Smart EV (Mercedes) and Zenn (Toronto).
Electric Vehicle Benefits
o Pure electric vehicles are true zero emissions vehicles. No greenhouse gases are emitted during vehicle operation.
o Gasoline is eliminated, replaced by grid sourced electricity generated from traditional and increasingly renewable sources. Many electric vehicles have factory installed or aftermarket solar panels installed on roofs.
o Fuel cost (electricity) per mile is 20-25% of gasoline or flex-fuel cost.
o 95% of the energy used to recharge EVs comes from domestic sources. Dependence on foreign oil is reduced.
o Very low vehicle operation and maintenance costs.
o Self energy generation through regenerative braking.
o Simple battery recharging through standard household 110V outlets and recharging stations.
o Electric vehicles are in production and available today at prices in a similar range to that of traditional gasoline and hybrid cars. A few models are also available in the luxury price range.
o 250-300 mileage range using Lithium-ion batteries
o Battery cost, weight, disposal
o Few commercial battery recharging stations
o At-home battery charging is not practical for apartment dwellers and those who cannot park near their home
o EV mileage range will increase as battery technology improves.
o Battery footprint, cost and weight will be reduced through new technology.
o Battery recharging stations will spread as EV production increases
Implications and Consequences
o Physical vehicle characteristics and conveniences will change. Vehicles will take on non-traditional appearances
o Vehicle reliability and durability will increase
o Vehicle operating costs will decline as fuel costs, repair costs and replacement parts costs will all decline
o Reduced congestion due to smaller vehicle footprint
o More consumer choices
o Reduced dependence on fossil fuels, imported oil
Stan Gassman, BSC Sustainability Services, Copyright 2008-2009
The advent of the electric toothbrush revolutionized the way people care for their teeth. Still, many people staunchly stand by the normal style, believing that the benefits of a powered toothbrush do not outweigh its drawbacks. The toothbrush has many of its own benefits, with relatively few shortcomings. Electric models have several downsides; however, many dentists believe that the benefits they offer justify the price, hassle and power requirements. One important consideration is the degree to which electric toothbrushes have encouraged children to adopt good oral hygiene habits. Here are the pros and cons of both types, so you can decide for yourself which kind is right for you and your family.
Benefits of the Manual Toothbrush
The humble toothbrush has been around since the Chinese Tang Dynasty, dating to the early 600s. The modern incarnation, using nylon bristles, did not come along until the 1930s, however. Prior to that, bristles were made from natural fibers such as horse hair. For centuries, people have effectively cleaned their teeth with this tool. It is cost-effective and most dentists give them away to their patients each time they come in for a cleaning. They never need to be charged and you do not have to keep spare batteries around. They're durable, highly portable and work equally well in foreign countries.
Perhaps the largest benefit of this brush is that you have a huge variety of choices with regard to size, shape, design and stiffness. Of course, you have to do the work yourself and keep track of how long you brush. Perhaps the biggest problem is that manual toothbrushes, when used incorrectly, can cause permanent damage to teeth and gums. They also wear out quickly and the plastic material used to make them is not biodegradable, adding to the landfill problem. The good news is that manufacturers have addressed this and introduced the first biodegradable models.
Benefits of an Electric Toothbrush
Dentists love electric toothbrushes because they make it easy for their patients to practice good oral hygiene. You simply place the brush head against your teeth and gums and move it around, slowly and systematically. The brush does the rest of the work. They have an on-board timer to track usage, making it especially helpful for kids. Research shows that they are more effective overall for cleaning the teeth and they tend to be less damaging to oral surfaces when used properly. The main disadvantage is the need for recharging or battery power. Batteries, other you use the recyclable type, also contribute to the landfill problem. Electric models are large and clunky and still quite expensive.
Kid-Friendly Electric Toothbrushes
Themed versions of the electric toothbrush are especially fun for kids, encouraging children to embrace brushing properly at a young age. What little girl would not prefer brushing with Barbie or Cinderella rather than a boring plain brush? Boys go crazy for Transformers and Monsters, Inc. Some models come with stickers, allowing kids to customize their own brush. Several manufacturers have introduced gentle, small-scale electric toothbrush models specifically designed for infants and toddlers, encouraging parents to begin oral hygiene as soon as baby teeth emerge.
The decision between manual and electric toothbrushes is absolutely best advised by your family dentist. Each person has unique needs with regard to oral health, and what works for one person is not necessarily right for another. Ask your dentist if an electric toothbrush may benefit you and your family.
High Efficiency Bridgeless Single Power Conversion Battery Charger for Light Electric Vehicles
Charging batteries of light electric vehicles require chargers with high efficiency and a high power factor. To meet this need, this paper presents a bridgeless single-power-conversion battery charger composed of an isolated step-up ac-dc converter with a series-resonance circuit. The bridgeless configuration reduces the conduction losses associated with the input diode rectifier, and the series-resonance circuit reduces the reverse-recovery losses of the output diodes by providing zero-current switching. In addition, direct and series-resonance current injections enable bidirectional core excitation by the transformer, thereby allowing high-power capability. The control algorithm derived from feedback linearization is also developed, which allows the proposed charger to correct the power factor and regulate the output power in a single-stage power conversion. This simple circuit structure leads to high efficiency and a high power factor. The theoretical concepts of the proposed charger are verified experimentally using a 1.7-kW prototype.
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Not my finest video creation for sure. I’ve really disliked making this video from start to end.
The idea was simple, three rapid charges and some quick driving but I wasn’t to know my opinion of the car would dramatically change.
So much of the footage I shot became redundant and Inappropriate once I analysed the data. The car seems to charge slower than I expected and potentially had issues charging from cold. The BMS becomes active at various times without a consistent pattern.
Compared to the 64kwh version the 39kwh is half the car when you consider it’s limited range in worst case scenarios and slower charging performance.
Remember this is my opinion only and I’ve been spoilt with the 64kwh version.
With so much secrecy from Hyundai about what the BMS is actually doing, we simply can’t fully understand the cars abilities in respect to charging and hence it’s sadly easy to draw conclusions from tests such as this. Ideally, such tests would be repeated over multiple times to prove results and again varying parameters to learn more.
The charging time of 57 minutes seemed accurate for the 20% to 80% charge but sadly 6% to 80% wasn’t so swift.
Does the 39kwh Kona have issues charging from cold? Why does the BMS come on when the battery is cold? Why was charging limited to 14kw from cold in my final test? All unanswered I’m afraid.
UK Kona Electric specs:
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