15 Apr 2019 | Tesla Delivers $35,000 Model 3 To Customers, VW Wants Battery Partners To Build…

Show #444

Good morning, good afternoon and good evening wherever you are in the world, welcome to EV News Daily for Monday 15th April 2019. It’s Martyn Lee here and I’ve been through every EV story I could find today, and picked out the best ones to save you time.

Thank you to MYEV.com for helping make this show, they’ve built the first marketplace specifically for Electric Vehicles. It’s a totally free marketplace that simplifies the buying and selling process, and help you learn about EVs along the way too.



“Volkswagen is pushing its joint venture partners including SK Innovation (SKI) to build electric car battery plants which have at least one Gigawatt manufacturing capacity, Chief Executive Herbert Diess told Reuters.” in a report today: “Volkswagen will buy 50 billion euros ($56.57 billion) worth of battery cells for electric cars and has identified South Korea’s SKI, LG Chem and Samsung SDI as strategic battery cell suppliers as well as China’s Contemporary Amperex Technology Co Ltd (CATL).”



“ABB announced that it was selected by Porsche Japan for a joint development project of next-generation EV chargers for the Japanese market” says InsideEVs today: “According to the press release, the two will develop a “dedicated high-power charger” with power output exceeding 150 kW.” From the press release: ““ABB has entered into an agreement to deliver its market-leading electric vehicle infrastructure for Porsche Japan’s EVs, including Taycan, the automaker’s first fully electric car, set to enter the Japanese market in 2020. Under the terms, Porsche Japan will install ABB’s high-power chargers at Porsche Centers and public facilities across the country, creating a network of fast chargers for its electric vehicles. The first installation is set to go live in mid-2020.”

Porsche Japan Selects ABB To Build CHAdeMO Infrastructure For Taycan


“The Volkswagen I.D. Roomzz isn’t the only new fully electric concept VAG is introducing at the Auto Shanghai 2019 in China as Audi is also attending the event to showcase the new AI:ME. Sending out a futuristic A2 vibe, the new showcar carrying the Four Rings takes the shape of a compact zero-emissions hatchback developed primarily for city use.” reports Adrian Padeanu for Motor1.com: “Audi believes an equivalent production version would mostly travel at speeds between 20 and 70 kph (12 to 43 mph) over short distances. With that in mind, the AI:ME was conceived with a simple hardware configuration encompassing a 65-kWh battery pack ideal for city use, although the actual range isn’t specified. The design is as futuristic as you’d expect from a concept, complete with rear suicide doors and the absence of conventional B-pillars. Intricate LED headlights and taillights lend the electric hatch a high-tech look, while the use of real plants inside the minimalistic cabin is a first in an automobile, according to Audi. Not that it comes as a big surprise, but the AI:ME has been envisioned with a highly advanced autonomous driving system with level 4 capabilities.”



“Police in Dubai are going green with their new eco-friendly fleet of electric patrol cars to support the emirate’s sustainability drive. Dubai Police officers will be getting behind the wheel of 13 Renault Zoe electric cars, secured from Arabian Automobiles.” according to TheNational.ae: “Dubai Police is not the only state service helping to protect the planet. In February, Dubai Corporation of Ambulance Services unveiled the Zero DS, which produces no heat, vibration or fumes. The ambulance service said the emergency vehicle would be used for rapid intervention and immediate response situations.”



“Tesla has started deliveries of the long-promised Model 3 for $35,000 to a happy few customers, but the delivery of the promised vehicle is expected to be short lived.” says Fred at Electrek today: “After Tesla announced that it is moving away from the promised base version of Model 3 at $35,000 last week, the automaker confirmed that it would start deliveries this weekend with a software-locked version of the Model 3 Standard Range Plus. Now several buyers have reached out to Electrek to confirm that they have taken…


VW T6 – battery chargers

This time we look at Battery Chargers.

Our vans will most likely come with a AGM style starter battery, for this type of battery we need a “Smart Charger” . . . . but what does this mean?

Tags: , , ,

05 Feb 2019 | VW To Use Tesla Batteries, Panasonic’s Tesla Partnership Finally Profitable and…

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Read today’s show notes on https://www.evnewsdaily.com

Good morning, good afternoon and good evening wherever you are in the world, welcome to EV News Daily for Tuesday 5th February 2019. It’s Martyn Lee here and I’ve been through every EV story I can find today, and picked out the ones I think you need to know about.

Thank you to MYEV.com for helping make this show, they’ve built the first marketplace specifically for Electric Vehicles. It’s a totally free marketplace that simplifies the buying and selling process, and help you learn about EVs along the way too.


Reuters: “Volkswagen AG unit Electrify America said on Monday it will install Tesla Inc battery storage packs at more than 100 charging stations across the United States to keep costs down for drivers charging electric vehicles. Tesla Powerpack battery systems draw power from the grid during off-peak hours and store it for use during peak hours to avoid or reduce demand charges. Electrify America will install most of its battery packs in areas of the United States where there is a higher concentration of electric vehicle owners, particularly on the West Coast and the Northeast.”

Bloomberg: “The 210-kilowatt battery systems will each have about 350 kilowatt-hours of capacity. Terms of the deal weren’t disclosed and a Tesla spokesman declined to comment.

TechCrunch: “The company will begin the next phase of installations this summer. Electrify America’s bet on Tesla battery systems illustrates the deep need for electric vehicle charging infrastructure that is low cost, easy to access and as fast as possible. It’s not enough to simply dot highways and urban areas with public chargers. The deal also represents a small, yet possibly fruitful area for Tesla as it tries to grow its energy storage business.”

Inverse: “Tesla develops the Powerpack for use with renewable energy sources like wind and solar, enabling buyers to store power and distribute when needed. The firm’s biggest installation to date is the 100-megawatt facility in Hornsdale, South Australia, used to help the renewables-dependent state avoid blackouts. Other consumers include the Manchester Science Park, using the batteries to create an “energy island,” and the Netherlands’ LomboXNet charging facility that uses solar energy to power electric cars.”



VW’s Electrify America will use Tesla battery packs to lower charging costs



“Tesla is buying up Maxwell Technologies. In a deal expected to be finalized in the second quarter of 2019, the California automaker has offered $4.75 per share for the company. That’s a healthy 55-percent increase above the energy storage technology company’s share price of $3.07 at Friday’s market closing. The transaction is said to take the form of a stock swap and received unanimous approval from the Maxwell board.” reports Domenick at InsideEVs: “Maxwell is mostly known for its ultracapacitors, which are used by other automakers. Indeed, Volvo’s Chinese parent company Geely partnered with the firm to use the energy storage devices in five of its hybrid products. But does that mean Tesla has picked them up for that particular technology? Maybe, but it should be noted that Maxwell, which has a footprint in Germany, South Korea, China, as well as the United States, has other tech that makes it valuable.” Tesla told Electrek: ““We are always looking for potential acquisitions that make sense for the business and support Tesla’s mission to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy.” Electrek said: “The automaker might be more interested with Maxwell’s dry electrode technology that they have been hyping recently. Maxwell claims that its electrode enables an energy density of over 300 Wh/kg in current demonstration cells and they see a path to over 500 Wh/kg.”

Tesla Buying Maxwell, Could Signal Move To Solid State Battery

Tesla acquires ultracapacitor and battery manufacturer for over $200 million


“Japan’s Panasonic Corp cut its annual profit outlook after disappointing quarterly earnings it blamed on a slowing Chinese economy hit by a…


ChargePoint Express 250: Bolt EV 150 A DCFC Session

I was finally able to log a 150 A session on the ChargePoint Express 250 station at ChargePoint Headquarters. The session went mostly as expected; however, the first step down from 150 A didn’t occur until 54% battery. Also, because this charger is limited to 150 A (the Bolt EV’s maximum charging current), I still wasn’t able to confirm whether the Bolt EV can draw additional power for battery conditioning and climate control when more than 150 A is available from the charger.



TACKLIFE T8 800A Car Jump Starter + USB Charger Power Bank

TACKLIFE T8 Car Jump Starter

• The enhanced safety indicator will notify you of any wrong operation with blinking lights and buzzing to prevent you and your vehicle from injury. No worries about sparks. All-metal and ergonomically constructed clamps require less effort to open, and it’s durable enough to use for a long time
• This portable jump starter cranks 12V cars, SUV, truck or van up to 30 times after a full charge (in 4 hours). It comes with a nice protection case as well as chargers, you can easily pack them up and place it into your glove box
• Equipped with an ON/OFF switch and automatic power off function, it features double energy-saving that enable it to be stored up to 12 months without using. Just be sure the power switch is off. Important: The switch MUST BE ON, or it won’t charge
• There are dual smart charging ports and one is 5V/9V quick-charge that can charge your phone, tablet or Kindle at 3.6 times faster speed. It can also power your 12V air compressor with an included cigarette lighter adapter
• The super bright LEDs make it an emergency flashlight when need and the red warning light can remind the passing cars if there is an accident. And it’s a multifunctional life-saver with strobe, SOS signal lights, and a built-in Compass. Also, the digital LCD screen shows electricity clearer


05 Oct 2018 | Next Stage Of Electrify America, Oil Price Increases Help Electric Cars and VW…

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Read today’s show notes on https://www.evnewsdaily.com


Good morning, good afternoon and good evening wherever you are in the world, welcome to EV News Daily for Friday 5th October 2018. It’s Martyn Lee here and I’ve been through EV story today so you don’t have to.


Thank you to MYEV.com for helping make this show, they’ve built the first marketplace specifically for Electric Vehicles. It’s a totally free marketplace that simplifies the buying and selling process, and help you learn about EVs along the way too.


Thank you to Sebastian MacCarthy-Morrogh for being the latest to become an Executive Producer of this show, signing up on Patreon and helping to spread the word about EVs.


Happy Tweets! Lasse Edvardsen “Tesla Model X was the most sold car of any kind in Norway in September 2018 👏 Not just EV, but ANY KIND! 47,7% of all car sales was pure EVs and a new record both in Norway and worldwide”



Electrify America today announced its next $200 million investment in Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) infrastructure as well as education and awareness in California which is outlined in its Cycle 2 California ZEV Investment Plan submitted to the California Air Resources Board (CARB). Cycle 2 is a 30-month investment period, which begins in July 2019. The investment announced today will build on Electrify America’s initial priorities and expand into new areas, where the need for electric vehicle charging stations and technology are greatest or are most likely to be used regularly.  

Metropolitan Areas: The central focus of electric vehicle charging infrastructure investment in Cycle 2 will shift to more DC Fast Charging (DCFC) stations within metro areas, where electric vehicle (EV) drivers are expected to charge most often. The DC Fast Charging stations will be placed in retail locations but also consider the needs of adjacent multi-unit dwellings where Level 2 (L2) residential charging deployment is oftentimes challenging.  

Highways & Regional Routes: The new Cycle 2 investments announced today will continue to build out a highway network of DCFC stations featuring charging power up to 350 kilowatts  

Residential: EV drivers conduct ‘more than 80 percent of their charging at home. First, Electrify America will develop an online tool that promotes and connects EV buyers with the wide range of residential charging incentives. Electrify America will offer ‘no-money-down’ residential chargers and installation, enabling buyers who cannot or choose not to pay for the L2 charger installation at home. The cost of installation will be incorporated into a monthly fee. Electrify America will develop a platform that will allow drivers with a home charger to earn financial rewards for plugging in and supporting a demand response platform for grid electric power stability.  




“Fuel prices reached a four-year high last month, concentrating consumers’ minds on the relative costs of internal combustion versus electric motors. For companies preparing to bring a record number of electric and hybrid models to market in 2019, oil’s rally could turbocharge demand.” reports Business Standard: “Crude oil has jumped 27 percent this year to more than $85 a barrel and major traders predict prices could reach $100 this winter as U.S. sanction of Iranian exports strain global supply. The rally has started to feed through to prices at the pump. In the U.S., average gasoline prices are on the verge of breaching $3 a gallon for the first time since 2014. utilities are pouring money into charging networks, anticipating the technology will catch on. Enel SpA in Italy, Vattenfall AB in the Nordic region and Centrica Plc in the U.K. all are building up systems to recharge car batteries even before it’s obvious how any of them can make money.”  




Patrick Danau, managing director of Audi Brussels, says by the end of this year the Audi e-tron Quttro will be produced at full capacity by 2019: “We believe that at the end of the year, we will reach our maximum capacity. You have to bear in mind not only the company has to ramp up but also the different suppliers. They have to train their people, start their own new facilities and bring them up…


18 September 2018 | 300,000 VW EVs On MEB Platform, Hyundai Joins In With EV Racing and Elon…

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Read today’s show notes on https://www.evnewsdaily.com


Well good morning, good afternoon and good evening, wherever you are in the world, hello and welcome to the Tuesday 18th September edition of EV News Daily. It’s Martyn Lee here with the news you need to know about electric cars and the move towards sustainable transport.


Thank you to MYEV.com for helping make this show, they’ve built the first marketplace specifically for Electric Vehicles. It’s a totally free marketplace that simplifies the buying and selling process, and help you learn about EVs along the way too.


World Premiere in Bremervörde: first hydrogen powered fuel cell passenger train in regular service. Congrats @Alstom



Let me start with background. Here in the EU there are new stringent rules coming in for CO2 emissions across your whole fleet of cars and, for VW which sells a lot of cars, that means selling a LOT of EVs. That will dramatically lower your average fleet emissions. If they don’t do it, the fines are per car sold, in increments about how much they pollute. So today was a media day, where journalists got to look at the technical side of VW plans, with Volkswagen demonstrating the centerpiece of the MEB – the rolling chassis without the bodywork and interior. ELECTRIC FOR ALL campaign launched today, the brand will be putting attractive models at affordable prices on the road, paving the way for the breakthrough of electric vehicles. based on the modular electric drive matrix (MEB), a technology platform developed specifically for electric vehicles. Production of the Volkswagen ID., the world’s first series vehicle based on the MEB, will begin in Zwickau at the end of 2019 Range will be from 330km WLTP, going up to 550km By ‘affordable’ they meant the price of equivalent diesel A change for VW, RWD will be standard, AWD optional Will be made in Zwickau, which is set for 1,500 cars / day for Europe by end of 2020, for anything they make on MEB Furthermore, the MEB bundles Volkswagen’s entire production knowledge: it is not a platform for vehicles with combustion engines that has been retroactively modified, but has from the outset been designed to be 100 percent, uncompromisingly electric. As Ulbrich put it: “Our Modular Transverse Toolkit already proved Volkswagen is one of the most successful platform developers in the auto industry. Now, we’re transferring this know-how and this strategy to the electric age. By the end of 2022, four Group brands will be ramping up 27 MEB models worldwide, ranging from compact cars to the lifestyle Bulli. That is something quite unique.”  

All members of the ID. family are designed for fast charging. Using fast charging systems, the battery can be charged 80 percent in about 30 minutes thanks to a completely new, significantly more powerful battery system developed by Volkswagen Group Components.  

IONITY is to have over 100 sites (each one up to 12 chargers) by the end of the year. Up to 350kW So in summary, by the time these go into production this time next year, it will be 4 years since dieselgate. And whilst the legal and financial consequences of that will go on for many more years, out of it will come a 30,000Euro mainstream car, being produced at a rate of 300,000 per year. Talking of thing time next year, Tesla Model 3 RHD models are said to go into production Summer 2019. The timing will be fascinating to watch.  




I was recently talking about racing series I’m looking forward to – the I-PACE eTrophy, the new Formula E, Rallycross in 2020, but I missed one out. Thank you to George Hartley in San Francisco who is one of our Patreon Supporters, who emailed me at hello@evnewsdaily.com with this one. Hyundai are getting into the scene now by prepping the IONIQ Electric for racing, to compete in the Optima Ultimate Street Car series later this year. The outward signs are the flared wheel arches and Volk TE37SL wheels with 275mm width semi-slick rubber on. However if we take a look under the skin it gets interesting. Hyundai’s engineers decided the stock motor wasn’t up to the job, so they’ve nabbed one from a KONA. That ups the power from 118bhp to 201bhp – so it’s a light weight package with lots of torques to call on. As well as doing some funky racing things with the limited-slip diff, the brakes and the springs, the next challenge with EV racing is how to manage temperatures. Hyundai thought of that too, they’ve upgraded the radiator and the pumps for a…


14 September 2018 | Audi Count Down To e-tron Launch, BMW iX3 Pre Orders and VW Warns Of Higher…

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Read today’s show notes on https://www.evnewsdaily.com


Well good morning, good afternoon and good evening, wherever you are in the world, hello and welcome to the Friday 14th September edition of EV News Daily. It’s Martyn Lee here with the news you need to know about electric cars and the move towards sustainable transport.


Thank you to MYEV.com for helping make this show, they’ve built the first marketplace specifically for Electric Vehicles. It’s a totally free marketplace that simplifies the buying and selling process, and help you learn about EVs along the way too.




“Due to a large increase in vehicle delivery volume in North America, Tesla customers may experience longer response times. Resolving this is our top priority.”

Good news on all fronts, that their hyper-detailed CEO is focussing on Customer Service, and also that must mean he’s not spending 20 hours a day fixing production issues.



Fresh from excitement about the Mercedes EQC, which looks incredible, today I want to go big on the Audi e-tron Quattro, a car i’ve raved about for months and now it’s days away, being revealed in San Francisco on Monday 17th September. We know it’s called Quattro, so that’s a dead giveaway to motors on the front and rear axle, for 4 wheel drive. In a previous test we also heard it has a boost mode for up to 8 seconds of full-banzai attack driving. The battery is a 95kWh pack so, on a heavy SUV, any range number over 200 miles in the real world on a cold, wet day would be good. If you’re Audi and you’ve been building your showpiece EV, the e-tron Quattro, it must be a bit annoying to lose out to certain performance specs like the Tesla Model 3 doing 0-60mph in 3.5secs (and quicker if you change the tyres), especially as performance is a pillar of the Audi brand. All we know is the e-tron will get to 60mph in under 6 seconds. There’s a new teaser called “electric has gone thrilling”. But that hasn’t stopped them promoting the speed of their first EV, but specifically the speed it charges. They say its the first series-production car to charge at 150kW. We’ll see the car unveiled next week without the camouflage. In advance of that, Audi announced a scheme for Audi e-tron Quattro owners to access a charging network of 72,000 chargers across Europe, and that includes the network they’re part of which is IONITY. IONITY has big plans for their 350kW chargers with 400 promised by 2020, however the handful out there at the moment are few and far between. The same goes for Electrify America which has a large rollout to do, very quickly, to start installing them in respectable numbers. Audi’s solution also isn’t quite as frictionless as Tesla because you need a special card at launch but they do have plans the fix that. To start with, the access card will handle all the billing across multiple networks, in 16 countries. Audi told us today: “Drivers who charge their e-tron overnight and set off the next morning with a full battery don’t have to worry about stopping at a charging station during their normal daily drive. The range of more than 400 kilometers (248.5 mi) in the realistic WLTP cycle enables electric driving without compromise. For longer distances, Audi offers a smart solution in the shape of the e-tron Charging Service, which handles the charging process swiftly and simply. The e-tron Charging Service builds confidence in our electric initiative. Following on from the Audi e-tron, in 2019 the Audi e-tron Sportback will be the second electric car to go on sale, followed in 2020 by the Audi e-tron GT from Audi Sport.” “From 2019 onward, charging will be even more convenient for Audi customers. This is when the plug & charge function will be introduced. It enables the Audi e-tron to authenticate itself at charging stations via state-of-the-art cryptographic procedures, after which it is authorized – a card will no longer be necessary. All Audi e-tron models rolling off the assembly line from mid-2019 will support this function as standard. Customers can also use plug & charge privately to unlock their connect charging system. This then eliminates the need to enter a PIN to protect against unauthorized use.” “Audi offers various solutions for charging in the garage at home: The standard compact mobile charging system can be used with either a 230 volt household outlet or a 400 volt three-phase outlet. The optional connect charging system doubles the charging power to as much as 22 kW. The second on-board charger required for this will be available as an option at some point in 2019.” My take: for Audi buyers they expect nothing less. No Audi owner wants a wallet full of membership cards or fobs for different networks driving across Europe….


24 August 2018 | VW Confirm ‘Neo’ Name For First I.D. EV, Japan And China Team Up To…

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Read today’s show notes on https://www.evnewsdaily.com


Well good morning, good afternoon and good evening, wherever you are in the world, hello and welcome to the Friday 24th August edition of EV News Daily. It’s Martyn Lee here with the news you need to know about electric cars and the move towards sustainable transport.


Thank you to MYEV.com for helping make this show, they’ve built the first marketplace specifically for Electric Vehicles. It’s a totally free marketplace that simplifies the buying and selling process, and help you learn about EVs along the way too.



“Japanese and Chinese industry groups have agreed to standardize a next-generation fast-charging system for electric vehicles (EVs), it has been learned, in an effort to jointly develop a charger by 2020 that can fully charge a vehicle in less than 10 minutes.” writes Yomiuri Shimbun for Japan News: “By joining hands, Japan and China will hold more than 90 percent of the market for fast chargers and take a major step toward achieving a global standard. The CHAdeMo Association, a group of auto and battery makers that promote Japan’s fast-charging standard, called CHAdeMo, is expected to sign an agreement with the China Electricity Council (CEC) in Beijing by the end of this month. CEC promotes China’s standard, called GB/T. Japan and China aim to commercialize a new system capable of producing more than 500 kilowatts. If the Japan-China team succeeds in establishing a global standard, it will become easier for Japan to export EVs, benefitting battery makers that possess advanced expertise in terms of production and sales. More than 80 percent of fast chargers installed worldwide in 2018, or 220,000 units, used China’s GB/T standard”  




“Volkswagen has confirmed the launch of a new e-mobility car-sharing service in Berlin, as the German automaker looks to move beyond traditional vehicle ownership. The VW brand, which makes up around half of sales generated by the parent Volkswagen Group, said 1,500 e-Golf cars will be rolled out onto streets of the German capital during the second quarter of 2019.” reports CNBC: “The company has predicted 15 percent annual growth in Europe for on-demand vehicles. Car-sharing has become a major play for auto firms who predict that younger customers, especially those living in cities, are less interested in committing to a large capital outlay for a car.”  

Whilst that got all the headlines, none of the media picked up on two other announcements, which shows how little they understand about the EV industry. Firstly, the new ID was referred to as the ‘Neo’. Apart from an article by Bild back in April, this is the first time I’ve ever heard it official called Neo by VW. Secondly they cofirmed their EV’s would have Over The Air (OTA) updates for software. Also a big improvement and catching up with Tesla.  

Autoblog has details on the Operating System: “The German automaker said on Thursday it was working on a new software operating system, to be known as “vw.OS.” which will be introduced in VW brand electric cars from 2020 onward. Rather than having around 70 different sensors and controllers operating independently within each vehicle, the new cars will connect the various sensors using the new proprietary software operating system. VW said it was easier to do over-the-air software updates for cars if the operating system was designed in-house, rather than depending on third-party software supplied by the different vendors providing various sensors.”  






Simon Alvarez at Teslarati is looking back at the claims at the Tesla Semi launch: “Musk noted that the Semi could cost operators $1.26 per mile to run, less than the standard $1.51 per mile that diesel-powered vehicles cost. That said, Allen Schaeffer, executive director of the Diesel Technology Forum trade group, is skeptical of Musk’s claims, noting that there is little need for a new entrant in the shipping industry.” “It’s easy if you’re just coming into this market to say ‘they’re $1.50 per mile and we can do it for $1.20. But where’s the proof? I haven’t seen it. Diesel is the benchmark for energy efficiency. Diesel dominates the entire sector,” he said.  

Tesla Semi faces new wave of skepticism from diesel veterans




Yellow Top Battery Install for the Jeep Wrangler – Optima All The Things!

In this video on the build up of the AutoEdits 2013 Jeep Wrangler Rubicon JKU, I show you how to install an Optima Yellow Top Battery and why it is a very important upgrade for any of your automotive applications!
Here are some really interesting details on all the different Color Coded Batteries from Optima:

REDTOP Starting Battery: Use this for normal engine starting where an alternator immediately monitors the state of charge and provides energy to the battery whenever it is needed. This would describe most stock vehicles.
Also use for:
-Automotive and RV under-hood starting
-Heavy equipment where starting is the primary function
-Diesel-powered vehicles with no aftermarket electronics

YELLOWTOP Deep-Cycle Battery: Use this when electrical loads are higher than average, or when the discharge cycle is more than typical engine starting, such as vehicles without alternators. This also includes vehicles with significant electrical loads that may exceed the average alternator output (for example, aftermarket audio systems, GPS, chargers, winches, snowplows, inverters, drag cars). This can also include vehicles that have a lot of electronics from the factory, such as a minivan with power sliding doors and a DVD player, especially if the DVD player is used when the engine isn’t running.
Also use for:
-Racing vehicles without a charging system (alternator or generator)
-Dedicated drag-racing vehicles
-Diesel-powered vehicles with aftermarket electronics
-Car audio/video applications exceeding 250 watts over the OE system
-Vehicles or heavy equipment with inverters, hydraulics, winches or other accessories
-Electric vehicles

BLUETOP Marine Battery: The BLUETOP starting battery (dark gray case) is to be used when a dedicated starting battery is required; it should never be used for cycling duty. The dual-purpose BLUETOP (light gray case) can be used for both starting and deep cycling; it is a true deep-cycle battery with extremely high cranking power.
Also use for:
-Trolling motors, marine applications with heavy electrical accessories and RVs should use a dual-purpose BLUETOP (which is both a starting and deep-cycle battery)
-Marine applications and RVs when the battery’s only function is engine starting
Note: The difference between BLUETOP and YELLOWTOP deep-cycle batteries is that BLUETOP batteries have both automotive (SAE) posts and threaded studs, while YELLOWTOPS (other than D31T) only have SAE terminals.

If you ever get confused about the colored tops, just remember: If it has a dark gray case, then it’s a starting battery; if it has a light gray case, then it’s a deep-cycle (dual-purpose) battery.
Remember, deep cycle use by any non deep cycle battery may void the warranty.

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